Propolis (a plant resin) is a resinous sticky substance with a pleasant specific odour. Its colour depends on the type of plants it has been collected from. It steppe zone it can be light brown, even reddish, in forest and taiga zones it is dark green. It has an antimicrobial effect (especially to tuberculosis bacterium), antifungal effect, antiviral, anti-inflammatory effect, anaesthetic, stimulating tissue therapy, improving immune reactions activity. Propolis is less effective than antibiotics but less toxic, microbes donít develop resistance to it, and it doesnít suppress the normal intestinal flora, that is it doesnít cause disbacteriousis
Candiosis, which affects mouth cavity, esophagus, stomach, intestine, lungs, genitals, is sensitive to propolis as well as some fungi, pathogens of skin and head diseases. Even in 0,01% concentration it suppresses fungus growth completely. Propolis has antiprotease effect against pathogen of the urogenital catarrh of women and men. There are some data about propolis antiviral effect, more over it not only suppresses virus growth but also destroys them that is has an virucidal effect. Antibiotic effect of propolis is the basis for its anti-inflammatory activity against infectious and non-infectious during active conditions. Some of the propolis ingredients prevent blood clot formation in blood vessels, stimulate blood microcirculation, eliminates or relieves shock and inflammatory conditions in atherosclerosis. Its anaesthetic effect is well known: it is 3 times more effective than cocaine and 52 times than procaine.
In medical practice propolis is used in the form of spirit and water solutions, of thick and liquid ointments, propolis oil and neat propolis is used for applications.
Spirit concentrate is used as a basis for preparation of solutions. 300 gram of minced propolis is steeped in a litre of 96% spirit and is infused for no less than 5 days in a firmly closed glass bottle in a dark place. It should be shook shaking 10-15 minutes every day. After the infusion the solution is filtered through the gauze. The residue is weighed, and this helps to determine the concentration and the amount of a dissolved propolis in the spirit solution. The solution is dissolved with spirit or distilled water for getting a preparation of the required concentration. (Usually 2 or 3%).
Propolis water solution is made with distilled water. 10 grams of minced propolis is put into a retort with 100 grams of water. Then the mixture is boiled during an hour and is frequently shaken, after that it is filtered through the gauze. The solution is made before the usage.
A mixture of vaseline and lanolin is brought to the boil on vapor in an enamel saucepan (in the proportion 1:1). Then a minced propolis is added to this mixture (15-20-50 gram of propolis on 100 gram of vaseline-lanoline mixture). It is heated during 10 minutes, stirred now and then. The saucepan is closed. After a three- minute getting cold (before the mass gets thick) the contents is packed up into glass jars, which are lidded and stored in the refrigerator.
Pieces of minced propolis (from 10 gram to 50) are melted in a litre of fluid oil ( vaseline, sunflower, corn or olive), got to the boil on the vapour. The mixture is heated, being stirred, during 20-30 minutes, then itís cooled and filtered through the gauze. Then it is poured into glassware and stored in the refrigerator.
Butter is heated on the vapour up to 50-60 įC. Then a powered propolis (10-15 gram per 100 gram of butter) is added and then the mixture is heated again to 70-80 įC till the propolis is dissolved. Butter can be also mixed with a spirit concentrate of propolis. (20-50 drops per 10 gram of butter)
A minced or cut into small piece propolis in glassware is covered with spirit, and a tincture of 10-20% concentration is prepared. The mixture is infused during 5-6 days, being shaken every day, then it is filtered through a paper filter and stored in a dark place in a closed ware.
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English translation © Irina Yelsukova