Honey encyclopaedia

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White honey

White honey, light, with a delicate odor is widely used in diets and for medicinal purposes. It has sudorific, febrifugal, diuretic, anti-inflammatory effects, and it can be used in treating catarrhal diseases, also as bactericidal remedy for gargling when having tonsillitis and stomatitis. In folk medicine this type of honey is used for treating various diseases of gastrointestinal tract (alimentary canal), of kidneys or liver.

It has a sedative effect and tones up: it is prescribed in the case of cough, cold, headaches, sore throat, stomachaches, rheumatism, syncope, pneumonia and as a remedy against measles. Mixed with propolis white honey is used for treating colic in urethra, gallstone and uroliphiasis. It is successfully used in treating mumps and children spasms, and also as a sedative, anti-inflammatory, emollient in burns, eczema, mastitis, and other inflammatory active conditions.

White honey is recommended for treating pulmonary tuberculosis in combination with goatís milk.

Meadow honey

The color can vary from pellucid to light yellow, the aroma and the taste can vary from delicate to strong, and crystallization can change from suet-like to coarse-grained.

It is indispensable as toning up. Regulates intestines function, has wholesome effect on liver, and is used as antiseptic in external diseases.

May honey

Contains aromas of the first spring flowers: foalfoot, willow, blooming orchards and others. Its name originates from ancient times and is connected with the ancient chronology in Russia, when, as is well known, May began two weeks later, than it does now. In the middle belt of Russia they begin to pump out first honey in the second part of June.

May honey has a strongly marked febrifugal, analgesic, antiphogistic, antibacterial, and hemostatic effect. It is widely used in case of cough, headaches, overfatigue and feverishness. It is useful for strengthening hair.

Sunflower honey

It is yellow, oily, and coarse-grained. In folk medicine itís used for treatment of heart diseases, bronchial asthma, alimentary canal colic, malaria, influenza, catarrh of respiratory tract.

This honey is useful for those who suffer from fever, atherosclerosis, osteochondrosis, for removing residues, in neuralgia, especially of catarrhal character, and also as toning up and diuretic.

Motherwort honey

Light-goldish, with delicate aroma and a specific taste honey is used for prophylaxis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, for strengthening of cardiac muscle, and also as sedative, as wound healing and as toning.

Echium honey.

Transparent, of greenish colour, it has a wonderfully tart taste. It is used as expectorant and cough soothing remedy, for treating nervous disorders and diseases, such as epileptics.

Raspberry honey

Itís a light-yellow honey with a raspberry taste. In folk medicine it is widely used for treating diseases of upper respiratory tract, stomatitis, and as prophylaxis of influenzal infection. It is used for treating inflammation of alimentary canal and respiratory organs.

Tatarian honey.

Itís aromatic, with tart taste and of dark colour. Itís very rich in mineral substances and vitamins, is effective in treating kidney diseases (hepatitis, jaundice), and renal calculus disease. It is used in medicinal nutrition in the case of vitamin deficiency, scurvy, and also as diuretic, toning up, it has a sedative and a wound-healing effect. In folk medicine itís used in delivery for stimulating womb contractions in case of retained placenta.

Sage honey

Itís of bright amber colour or of dark golden. It has a tender pleasant odour . It is effective for treating kidney diseases, cough, neurosis heart diseases and neurasthenia.

Sainfoin honey.

It is very rich in vitamins, in mineral and biologically active substances, it contains a considerable amount of ascorbic acid, of carotin and ferments, has excellent flavoury qualities, and is very aromatic. It is used in the dietetic nutrition with catarrhal diseases, nervous disorders, with headaches of different causes and also for general strengthening of an organism. In folk medicine itís known as strengthening, vitamin remedy , and is used with various gynaecological diseases, womb bleed, and also as a remedy strengthening male potency.

Acacia honey

It is transparent or light yellow, very fragrant and savoury. It stays uncrystallized for a long. It is recommended for wholesome, including dietetic nutrition.

It is effective for treating catarrhal and acute respiratory diseases, headaches, kidney diseases, atherosclerosis, hypovitaminosis, and also as sedative for nervous disorders and insomnia. It has antimicrobial Ť protistocedic effect.

Buckwheat honey

Thick, from brown-red to almost black colour, it contains a large amount of ferrum, which is why itís useful for those suffering from anemia. Rich mineral and vitamin composition allows using it with vitamin deficiency and hypovitaminosis, for prophylaxis and treatment of cerebrum, retina and mucous membrane hemorrhage, (hemorrhage diathesis), for improving capillary perspicacity. In combination with preparations, lowering blood tension, buckwheat honey is used for treating hypertensive disease, rheumatism, scarlet fever, measles, spotted fever, and also for prophylaxis and treatment of vessels, after radiotherapy, X-ray therapy and with radiation sickness.

Melitot honey (sweet clover)

Melitot honey, very aromatic, with tender flavor, of light yellow color, has sedative, diuretic, expectorant, antibacterial, and antispasmodic effect and stimulates nursing mothersí milk-exuding. In medical practice it is used for atherosclerosis of coronary and cerebral arteries, hypertension disease; externally it can be used in the form of plasters on furuncles as sedative and lenitive, in the form of compresses with propolis on festering wounds and cuts, in warm baths to treat children and adults suffering from miositis. This type of honey has a resolving effect in breast inflammation, joint tumour, caused by rheumatism. In folk medicine it is more widely used: for treating chronic catarrhs, bronchitis, dropsy, meteorism accompanied by stomach-aches, aches in kidneys and in urinary bladder, migraines, headaches, hypertension disease, insomnia and also as a light purgative (on an empty stomach).

Mountain honey.

It is usually of dark-yellow or of red-brown colour, very viscous, not fast to crystallise, with tart and bitter taste. Bees gather this honey from chestnut trees, acacia, heather, citrus plants, and eucalyptus trees, from motley grass of alpine meadows etc. Itís considered to be the most ecologically pure. It is effective for treating cardiovascular diseases, stresses, endocrine system disorders. In folk medicine it is used as toning up and sedative.

Hawthorn honey.

It has a bitter taste. It is used in dietary and wholesome nutrition. It is useful for treating functional disorders of cardiac activity (with tachycardia), hypertension, and heightened thyroid gland function, cardiac asthenia, after an illness, angioneurosis, the initial stage of hypertension, insomnia.

In folk medicine it is used with vertigo, shortness of breath, and also as hypotensive, cardiotonic, as a remedy improving the rhythm of the heart , with hypertension, atherosclerosis, especially during climacteric period.

Melitot and wild marjoram honey.

This honey is light and aromatic. It is very effective in treating diseases of digestion organs. It takes off stomach spasms, prevents nausea and vomiting. It has bile-expelling, expectorating, anaesthetic, anticonvulsive, wound healing effects.

Melitot and thyme

It's very aromatic and of light yellow colour. It has dietetic properties, is recommended for treating diseases of alimentary tract.

Chestnut honey.

It's of dark colour, with specific aroma, a bit bitter. It has a large amount of mineral substances and has antimicrobial effect. Rich mineral composition enables to use it for treatment of respiratory tract, alimentary canal, kidneys, rheumatism, malaria, and also as diuretic remedy.

Willow herb honey.

Light, almost white, with a weak, tender aroma, long since it has been used as sedative, anti-inflammatory, enveloping remedy in treating gastritis with heightened acidity of gastric juice, stomach and duodenum ulcer. Throat diseases, constipation, and chronic internal diseases, diseases of mucous membrane and of skin. This honey stimulates homepoiesis and heightens organism protective properties, and dissolved in warm water it has salutary influence on a person suffering from insomnia, headaches, normalizes bowels activity and is useful for nursing mothers.

Clover honey.

Considered one of the best among monofleur varieties, it is light yellow color and has a delicate tender taste. Russian folk medicine recommends it as expectorant, diuretic, antiseptic. Externally it can be used for treating burns, furuncles (in combination with propolis), also it is effective as lenitive and anaesthetic with rheumatic and neuralgic aches, lung diseases, anemia, breakdown, losing weight, loss of appetite, malignant tumour, bronchial asthma, rapid breathing, as expectorating, diuretic, and antiseptic, and also from fever, cold, chronic rheumatism, various kidney diseases. Atherosclerosis with headaches and buzzing in the ears can be effectively treated by clover honey, as well as various gynaecological diseases (womb bleeding as well), uterine bleeding. Baths with clover honey are good for articular and other tumours, for rheumatism, epilepsy. Clover honey is also good for bathing restless children.

English translation © Irina Yelsukova